How GLD reacts to FED Funds Rate Change
Although theory says that GLD price should decline after an interest rate hike and it should grow after an interest rate cut, history shows that this anticipation is often wrong. The financial markets always try to predict the future development, and the interest rate change is often reflected by the asset prices before the rate change itself is officially announced. And if there was a strong trend before the rate change, the trend may get disrupted for some time, although it tends to resume after the dust settles down.
22 interest changes occurred since Year 2005. In 12 cases, the interest rate was increased and in 10 cases it was decreased. The table attached shows the development of GLD price 20, 10 and 5 trading days before the rate change and 5, 10 and 20 days after the rate change.
It is interesting that on average, GLD price grew before the interest rate change and it was in a slight decline 5 and 10 trading days after the rate change. But 20 trading days after the rate change, it was back in green numbers.
Only in 4 out of 12 cases (33.33%), the GLD price recorded any losses 20 trading days after the interest rate hike. It declined by 4.73% on average. On the other hand, in 66.66% of cases, the GLD price recorded gains (5.08% on average). In 4 cases (33.33%), the GLD price just kept on growing, without any reaction on the interest rate hike.
After the Fed started to cut the interest rates, GLD was down in 50% of the cases after 20 trading days. After the interest rate cuts on March 18, 2008, October 8, 2008 and December 16, 2008, a strong growth trend turned into a steep decline. It shows that GLD often reacts contrary to the theory not only after interest rate hikes but also after interest rate cuts.
Note: (GLD is the Ticker name for SPDR Gold ETF)
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